Swedish study on EV CO2 footprint will surprise

The IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute was commissioned by the Swedish Transport Administration and the Swedish Energy Agency to investigate lithium-ion batteries climate impact from a life cycle perspective. Let’s not forget the left leaning pro-climate change Swedish government promoted the study.

The 2017 report showed that battery manufacturing leads to high emissions. For every kilowatt hour of storage capacity in the battery generated extra emissions of 150 to 200 kilos of carbon dioxide already in the factory. Regular EV batteries with 25–30 kWh of capacity will result in 5 metric tonnes CO2, which is equivalent to 50,000 km driving in a regular, fuel-efficient diesel vehicle.

If we use those IVL metrics on the Tesla Type S 100D battery pack of 100kWh, the car has done 167,000km worth of CO2 before its left the factory. So that would mean 20 metric tons of CO2 per car without taking into account any charging from the grid which is largely fossil fuel derived in most countries.

A 2019 model year BMW 530d diesel emits 138g of C02/km. So it can travel 145,000km just to match a car with a 100kWh battery pack before it leaves the dealership floor.

Does Australia really want 50% sales in EVs if the metrics are this bad?

The irony is that despite the evidence provided by the study, PM Stefan Löfven wrote on a Swedish Government website, “No new petrol and diesel powered cars will be sold after 2030. So we reduce the large climate emissions from the transport sector.

So in order to stay aligned with the Paris Accord, promoted by a U.N. body that has been caught out in numerous climate data manipulation scandals and climb downs from countless hysterical claims, Sweden’s left-leaning government skips over reality.

Where have we heard this before? Martin Kinnunen, climate policy spokesperson for the Swedish Democrats said,

It is a very radical proposal and I think you should be careful about predicting technology development in this way. It is simply unrealistic to have a ban in place already in eleven yearsIt can be difficult for many people who live in some parts of the country to have a car, and it can be very costly for those who must have a car

Only goes to prove that virtue signaling ignores facts. Never mind that the industry can’t adapt that fast. Never mind the environmental footprint on a life cycle basis. Just change the starting point then promote themselves as one of the good guys saving the planet when all that is happened is to set in motion actions that will damage her more than they would have otherwise by allowing the industry to set the technological benchmarks instead.


  1. A misleading, disengenous and unbalanced article. This article fails to take into account the full life cycle of emissions and uses a comparative driving emissions of a combustion car without manufacturing emission vs hybrid and electirc cars to argue how battery cars are more carbon intensive. This is just false and misleading.

    An average a combustion vehicle generates 4 tonne of carbon emissions on manufacturing. Hang on but dont electric cars produce alot more carbon in manufacturing? On average current mid range fully electric cars have a 40kwh battery and with CO2 emmissions in manufacture of 2.7 tonne. Only when you get to larger capacity vehicles like tesla does the manufacturing emissions become larger than combustion vehicles.

    But manufacutring is only one of of the overall carbon cost of a vehicle. The vast majority of emissions are generated by powering the vehicle and this is where the true carbon savings come. A study by UCSA (https://www.ucsusa.org/clean-vehicles/electric-vehicles/life-cycle-ev-emissions) shows that the average co2 emission per mile driven is 2.5 times larger in gasoline cars vs fully electric cars. This effect is also cumlatively compounded over time the longer you drive an electric vehicle the more you offset manufacturing emissions vs an equivilant combustion car.

    The report fails to take into account the greening of electric power supplies which are taking place across the world at increasing pace. As carbon intesity decreases in electric production this will further compound the carbon savings of electric vehicles vs combustion vehicles.

    Overall this article just presents a small unbalanced representation of the facts of manufacture. It fails to highlight full life cycle of emissions of manufacturing of combustion vehicles and the high carbon cost on driving. Another stunning example of how the strategy of doubt is used to paralyse us from making the necessary changes to prevent a climate catastrophe.


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